Monday, 29 July 2013

the Reichstag in the German capital of Berlin

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The building of the Reichstag in the German capital of Berlin is the place where literally the reunification of East and West Germany on October 3rd, 1990 took place.

It was in Reichstag where they conducted the first symbolic meeting of the United Germany. A major restoration of Reichstag began after 1992 when Norman Foster won yet another architectural competition for the reconstruction of the emblem throughout the German building.

The building of the Reichstag in Berlin was designed to accommodate the first parliament of the German Empire, called the Reichstag. The impressive building of the Reichstag was opened in 1894 and performed its functions until 1933, when it suffered major damage after a devastating fire. In 1999 the Reichstag once again became the seat of German Parliament. Before construction of the building it was renovated by renowned architect, Norman Foster.

Currently, the parliament of Germany is called the Bundestag. Reichstag as a parliament dates back to the Holy Roman Empire and stops functioning as a true parliament in the years of Nazi Germany between the years of 1933-1945. Nowadays the name "Reichstag" refers to the building and "Bundestag" means the institution. At the end of World War II the Russians were sticking their flag on the roof of the Reichstag.

The building of the Reichstag in Berlin is an emblematic message and is clearly visible on its facade: "DEM DEUTSCHEN VOLKE" or in translation - "to the German people".

The history of the Reichstag starts with laying the foundation stone in 1871 when previously parliament is housed in several buildings in Berlin, but are too small and become disfunctional. The ascension of the future of Reichstag was accompanied initially by an architectural competition to build a new building, which was held in 1872 and had 103 participating candidates.

The construction work did not begin immediately, but ten years later. The reason for delaying the groundbreaking of the Reichstag was related to issues surrounding the purchase of land for the new building as well as contradictions between the German Emperor Wilhelm I, Otto von Bismarck and members of parliament. Rulers had major disagreements on how it should proceed to construction.
Reichstag in the german Capital Berlin

In 1882, another competition was held with 189 participants. This time the winner was from Frankfurt, architect Paul Valois. The project of the German architect began to be realized in 1884 when Wilhelm II laid the first stone and was then completed ten years later.

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