Monday, 29 July 2013

The Topkapi Palace Museum

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Topkapı Palace is the largest and oldest palaces in the world to survive to the present day. '' After the conquest of Istanbul by Fatih Sultan Mehmet in 1460 - 1478 and gradually built between the years expanded with new additions Topkapi Palace, home of sultans for almost 380 years and has been used as the administrative center of the empire.

 Ottoman Turkish Empire founded by Turks, the date of 16 independent states, provides the most long-lasting and have the most extensive territory. The Mediterranean and the Black Sea that surrounds this giant empire lasted 622 years in Asia, Europe and Africa for centuries ruled. 

Combined administration of different races and different religions of many nations. The other is such a wide range of history, from the Roman empire ruled the land for so long. Empire of the 36th and the 16th Sultan who ruled the Ottoman Turks century. from the beginning, with the title of the caliphate, the Islamic world has taken the religious kingdom. 

The Ottomans, throughout the history of the empire in the works of major construction has been signed. The most important of the Topkapi Palace thereof. 

Following the construction of Dolmabahçe Palace'' s abandoned Topkapi Palace, the importance has kept all the time. Sultan Abdülmecit and times of Sultan Abdulaziz was opened with a special permission to visit some parts of the house are known.

Topkapı Palace is the largest and oldest palaces in the world to survive to the present day. Under the orders of being used as a museum since 1924. Position the Golden Horn, the Bosphorus and the Sea of ​​Marmara, very Gözel view, the first settlement in Istanbul acropolis. History of Istanbul peninsula at the tip of the triangle, surrounded by walls of five mile an, is a complex occupies an area of ​​700,000 m2.

The conquest of Istanbul in 1453, the young Sultan Mehmet moved the capital of the empire. His first palace there in the middle of the city. The second palace built in 1470, formerly the New Palace, Topkapi Palace in recent times it is called.

This place, known in history as the other Turkish palaces, classical Turkish palace. Different functions, which is shaded by trees, separated from each other interconnecting courtyards and monumental consists of the following. Functional buildings surrounding the courtyard, interspersed. The palace, built by sultan beginning of the age is to be installed continuously developed, many changes and additions. Flamboyant sultan in 1853, we're on the official royal residence and rapidly transported to Dolmabahçe Palace was left to ruin. Continuous period of more than 50 years old Topkapi Palace of the Republic of simple beauty have helped repairs.

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